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Bárðarbunga and Holuhraun

In the autumn of 2014, there was intense seismic activity underneath the glacier Bárðarbunga, raising fears of a volcanic eruption. When the eruption started, however, it was outside of the glacier area. The resulting lava field is called Holuhraun.

Bárðarbunga erupted in 2014- 2015.

Earthquake in Bárðarbunga this morning

6 Jan An earthquake of the magnitude 3.3 originating in the South East Bárðarbunga cauldera was measured this morning at 11:10.

Bárðarbunga lies under Iceland's famous Vatnajökull glacier.

Magnitude 4.4 quake strikes Iceland’s Bárðarbunga

20 May 2016 At 7:11am this morning, Iceland’s Bárðarbunga volcano was hit by a magnitude 4.4 tremor – the largest since the volcano last stopped erupting in February 2015.

Bárðarbunga last erupted August 2014-February 2015.

Size 4.2 quake hits Iceland’s Bárðarbunga volcano

8 Apr 2016 A magnitude 4.2 earthquake struck the Bárðarbunga volcano – under Iceland’s famous Vatnajökull glacier – just after midnight last night.

Photo: Þórður Arnar Þórðarson

Bárðarbunga quakes “not uncommon”

5 Jan 2016 Further consecutive tremors at Iceland’s Bárðarbunga volcano are not necessarily a sign of anything significant, say experts from the Icelandic Met Office.

Bárðarbunga.

Bárðarbunga continues to rumble

26 Dec 2015 Seismic activity at Bárðarbunga has been on the rise since mid-September, likely indicating a build-up of magma in the caldera.

Bárðarbunga erupting last year.

Two 3+ quakes at Bárðarbunga

21 Dec 2015 There are ever clearer signs – including seismic activity – that magma is building up underneath the Barðarbunga caldera.

Holuhraun in December 2014.

Eyes back on Bárðarbunga

17 Nov 2015 Monitoring by the Icelandic Met Office has recently revealed significantly greater seismic activity than any time since the 2014-15 eruption in the adjacent Holuhraun lava field.

Bárðarbunga, September 2014.

Bárðarbunga to blow again?

14 Sep 2015 There are signs that magma is building up again under Bárðarbunga, the volcano under Iceland’s famous Vatnajökull glacier which erupted for six months in 2014-15.

A new hot stream has formed at the far eastern end of Holuhraun.

New hot bathing stream at Holuhraun

30 Jul 2015 A new hot stream has formed at the far eastern end of Holuhraun, the scene of Iceland’s most recent major volcanic eruption.

The deaths of 5,000 sheep this spring remain an enigma.

Did volcanic ash kill 5,000 sheep?

27 Jul 2015 Some 5,000 sheep died this spring in Iceland in baffling circumstances. The latest theory is that the deaths were caused by sulphur released by the Holuhraun volcanic eruption.

Could the Holuhraun eruption have been much worse?

Holuhraun could have been much worse

25 Jul 2015 “We were lucky with the Holuhraun eruption as regards both timing and location,” says Sigurður Reynir Gíslason of the University of Iceland.

The volcanic eruption in Holuhraun.

The eruption has come to an end

28 Feb 2015 The volcanic eruption in Holuhraun, which began on August 31st 2014, has come to an end.

Seismic activity in Bárðarbunga continues to diminish.

Almost six months of volcanic eruption

24 Feb 2015 The scientific advisory board of the Icelandic Civil Protection has published a factsheet on the eruption at Holuhraun. They report that seismic activity in Bárðarbunga continues to diminish although it can still be considered strong and that the rate of subsidence in the Bárðarbunga caldera is now less than 2 cm a day.

The Holuhraun eruption.

Where will the next eruption be?

24 Feb 2015 In recent days volcanic activity in Holuhraun has significantly reduced and subsidence in Bárðarbunga has practically stopped. According to some theories, magma will next emerge close to Bárðarbunga or even in nearby Dyngjujökull.

The earthquakes at Bárðarbunga are getting less and less significant.

Ten earthquakes measured at Bárðarbunga

23 Feb 2015 According to the Icelandic Met Office, just over ten earthquakes were detected in Bárðarbunga since noon yesterday. The largest earthquakes measured on a magnitude of 2. In the dyke intrusion approximately 20 earthquakes were detected, all of them smaller than 1,5.

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